雅思写作大作文Task2写作素材之媒体类

2017-01-16编辑: Eileen来自: 环球教育整理

  雅思大作文中,媒体类作文一直是众多考生比较头疼的话题。在2016年全年雅思写作大作文中出现概率为13%。这类话题不仅内容繁杂,而且角度众多,经常让同学们觉得无处下手,痛苦万分。今天小编就为大家整理了雅思写作媒体类话题相关资料,希望对大家有用。

  雅思写作媒体类话题有哪些?

  1.新闻与媒体

  母题:News media is more influential nowadays. Some people think it is a negative development. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (090822)

  提示:之所以选择这道题目做母题是因为它涵盖的范围最广,可以写报纸、电视、网络。围绕这些媒体的好处和坏处写一篇文章,顺便思考一下下面的几道子题,那么这部分的话题就可以搞定了。

  子题:报纸要比其它媒体更有影响力,你同意吗?网上的信息不准确,你同意吗?我们是否应该相信记者,一个合格的记者应当具备什么样的品质?

  2.媒体审查制度

  母题:Nowadays, films and computer games containing violence are popular. Some people think those films and games have negative effects on society and should be banned,while others think they are just harmless relaxation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(111029)

  提示:这道题目正好概括了媒体审查制度赞成者和反对者的观点。好处是对避免青少年的模仿,降低社会暴力,坏处是破坏了影片的娱乐性,对于新闻的审查则侵犯了人们的知情权和媒体的言论自由。

  子题:政府应该控制电影和电视中的暴力来降低社会中的犯罪,你同意吗?要不要严格控制媒体对于犯罪细节的报道?电视节目向公众展现灾难性的画面对个人和社会有何影响?

  3.广告

  母题:We are surrounded by all kinds of advertising, which significantly influence our lives. Do the positive effects of advertising outweigh its negative effects? (041016, 110625)

  提示:这道题目是广告类话题中最经典的,因为这道题目的范围最广。这道题目写成双边,好处是给消费者提供信息,促进经济发展,带动就业,坏处是欺骗误导消费者,误导儿童模仿,扰乱生活。

  子题:广告是否会扼杀个性,使人们看起来都一样?针对儿童的广告有何利弊?针对儿童的广告是否应当被禁止?广告应当被禁止,因为它只有坏处没有好处,你是否同意?

  细致的分析了后发现,雅思写作媒体类考题有着很强的规律性。只要我们掌握了媒体类作文四种核心常考角度,我们就能够灵活应对绝大部分的媒体类题目,正所谓,用四招轻松化解雅思媒体类作文。

  媒体类作文不同主体的话题规律

  第一招:化解以电视为主体的媒体类作文

  电视类虽然话题数量繁多,但是,无论,题干具体内容如何变化,其话题的核心含义都是针对着"电视作为新兴教育媒体同一些传统的教育方式(比如,读书,父母教育,学校教育)之间的矛盾"这一角度展开的。比如:题干中说,孩子能够通过电视进行有效的学习,是否应该鼓励孩子在学校和家庭经常看电视?相比于看电视,人们可以通过读书可以更好地培养想象力和思考能力,你是否同意?孩子花在看电视上的时间越来越多,从事创造性的时间逐渐减少的原因是什么?我们应该怎么办?有人认为家长应该给孩子读故事,有人则认为,孩子可以通过看电视,网络等一系列渠道进行阅读,你是否同意?

  这些题目虽然形式不一,但是核心都在于:对电视的教育意义的质疑。所以,对于这类电视类媒体作文,我们只需要弄清楚这样一个问题,那就是,电视是否真的具有能够抗衡书籍,课堂教育,父母教育等其他传统教育方式的教育作用就可以了。

  希望下面的例子可以在大家构思论据的时候提供一些思路:

  沉迷电视的坏处:

  1)看电视的过程中是单纯的信息接受,相比于读书这种需要高度集中和思索的工作来说,容易造成孩子抽象思维的缺失(short of abstract thinking).

  2)过度沉迷于电视,容易造成孩子社交活动和体育活动的减少(isolate children from physical and social activities),使得他们对真实的世界越发冷淡失去兴趣(make them indifferent to the real world).不关心周围的事情(rarely concerned about the people and the matters around them)同他人的互动减少(it leads to a drop in their interaction with others)

  3)长期看电视会同时会损伤视力(impair vision),电视的辐射(radiation)会损伤孩子的身体健康(damage health)。

  看电视的益处:

  1)可以为孩子们创造一个从繁重的学业压力中休息的机会(provide an escape for children who experience high levels of pressure in the daytime)使他们达到劳逸结合(strike a balance between entertainment and academic activities)

  第二招和第三招:化解以新闻和广告为主体的媒体类作文

  新闻类的两次考题虽然措施稍有差别,但是内容全部是关于这样一个话题:当今世界,报纸对人们的日常生活,尤其是对人们的想法的影响力越来越大,这是否是一个积极的影响?广告类蜻蜓点水出现的那一次是关于广告是否有用:人们根据产品是否能够满足自己的需要来选择是否购买,那么从此种角度来说,广告是不是只是一种不必要的娱乐形式?所以,针对新闻类和广告类,我们只需要着重准备这两个角度就可以了。针对新闻类的角度的论据构思,大家可以从国家和团体的凝聚力角度来说,着重从这个角度来渲染舆论的积极力量。比如在灾害发生,新闻的高度传播性可以使得人们迅速的采取行动。同时,在日常生活中,新闻可以使得人们在第一时间了解到世界各个角落正在发生的事情,达到消息的高度透明化。

  关于广告为主体的角度论据,希望下面的例子可以给大家带来一些思路:

  广告的优势:

  1)广告是消费者和生产商之间的桥梁(bridge the gap between consumers and manufacturers).传播市场信息,(disseminate market information),介绍新产品(inform consumers of new products)让消费者选择适合自己的商品。(enable a more qualitative choice between products to consumers)

  2)广告作为一个信息传播平台,能够刺激生产商在质量上进行竞争(encourage competition in quality)鼓励产品创新(encourage product innovation),而且丰富消费者生活(enrich their lives)

  3)广告刺激消费,促进产品销售量(enable greater volume to be sold),促进经济发展(promote economic development)

  广告的弊端:

  1)广告很少提供产品的所有信息 (hardly provide full disclosure of product characteristics), 滥用消费者的信任 (abuse the consumers' trust), 利用他们缺少经验或者知识的缺点(exploit their lack of experience or knowledge), 去诱导他们购买对自己无用的产品 (manipulate them)

  第四招:化解以电脑为主体的媒体类作文

  电脑类的网络教学类考察核心非常一致,那就是,网络教学是否能够取代传统的教学方式?其中,如果题干中的主体为people,则相对应的传统教学方式一定是attending university or college。若题干中的主体为children,则相对应的传统教学方式就是study at school with teachers. 电脑类的电脑游戏则是网络教学类和电视类的结合,将这二者的论据进行删改和叠加就可以轻松应对。需要指出的是,媒体类和教育类的话题有着很多重合,彼此之间可以互相借鉴许多思路。

  希望下面的论据可以为大家构思"网络教学"类题目时候提供一点思路。

  网络教学的弊端:

  1)一大缺点:缺乏灵活性 (lack of flexibility),由于电脑有程序上的限制(programmatic limitations). 教学模式化的(standardized)无法满足学生的具体需要(incompatible with the specific needs of a student)

  one of the major drawbacks of computer is lack of flexibility. Due to its programmatic restraints, its teaching is standardized and therefore incompatible with the specific needs of a student.

  2)电脑和学生缺乏互动(lack of interaction),不能够满足学生的情感需求(fill student's emotional needs)

  Owning to the lack of interaction, distance-learning can hardly fill students' emotional needs.

  3)长期盯着屏幕有伤视力 ( impair vision); 有害身体健康(damage students health)

  Long-time exposure to the computer would impair vision and damage students' health.

  网络教学的优势:

  1) 可以作为教育辅助(teaching aid),电脑起着重要的作用。协助教师用多种途径展现教育资料(present educational materials in various ways),同时为学生提供重复性的练习(repetitive drills)巩固学习成果。

  所以,如果想将媒体类话题进行全面的准备,只需要弄清四个话题就可以了,第一个和第二个是,针对其中最大的一个话题主体(电视)和第二大话题主体(电脑)的考察核心:也就是电视是否具有能够抗衡书籍,课堂教育,父母教育等其他教育方式的教育作用?网络教学是否能够取代传统教学方式(这里面同时注意一下不同人群的差异性)?第三个,就是针对第三大主体(报纸):报纸在人们日常生活中尤其是人们的思想层面影响力越来越大,这是一种积极的还是消极的趋势?第四个针对广告:人们跟据产品能够满足自己的需要来选择是否购买,那么从此种角度来说,广告是否只是一种不必要的娱乐形式?

  媒体类作文虽然看上去繁杂,但是经过了分析之后,我们发现,只要掌握四点,就可以将其收入囊中。

  媒体类话题雅思写作范文:

    1.The government should control the amount of violence in films and on television in order to decrease the violent crimes in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this issue?  政府应该控制电影电视上暴力镜头的数量,为了减少社会暴力犯罪。你在多大程度上同意或不同意这个问题?

  思路解析:

  应该控制1:暴力电影和镜头是精神毒药。它们包含太多的刺激的,煽动性的情结,这让观众变得富有攻击性。

  应该控制2:暴力电影中的电影明星树立了负面榜样,他们给年轻人传达了一个错误的观念,即暴力是一种合适的方式来解决一切社会问题,这在年轻人中培养了一种对于犯罪的崇拜。  不应该控制:暴力镜头本身就能反应社会现实,这是对于人们的一种教育,也让他们对于可能在身边出现的暴力进行防范。

  参考范文:

  Nowadays, many people argue that the government should control the amount of violence in films and on television, in order to reduce social crimes. In my view, this assertion is partially wise, and my reasons would be explored as below.

  Admittedly, there are many good reasons for controlling the amount of violence in films and on television. First, violent films and television are mental poisons for the audience It is because they contains numerous of erotic, corrupt and provoking episode, with long exposure to which, viewers might become aggressive and eccentric. In addition, violence contents set negative role models for young viewers, especially the youth.

  Activities like fighting, shooting or killing done by movie stars send teenagers a wrong message that violence is an effective or even essential solution to all troubles. Therefore, these youngsters with immature minds begin to admire violence and disrespect social rules, which leads to the increasing of the juvenile delinquents. According to the analysis above, it is clear that the measure of limiting violent information on media should be encouraged, for the reason that it can directly cut off the access to those illegal and evil behaviors and thoughts, thus keeping people from imitating them.

  Advocates claim that the practice of controlling the amount of violence in mass media is a brazen violation of the people's basic right to know the truth of the world. For example, some films contain some violence, but they reflect the things happened around us. Rather than producing negative effects on audience, to some extent, these films educate them. Furthermore, violence in films or on television programs cultivates people's senses of crisis and responsibility, which makes ordinary people and police work better for public security. Consequently, it is irresponsible and foolish to blame the media for violence in our society.

  As far as I am concern, I strongly believe that the amount of violence in films and TV should be controlled. At the same time, we cannot deny the advantages brought by them. And the best policy is to develop the merits of the violent films and television, while grading and filtering them.

    2.News media have become influential to our lives, and some people think that is a negative development. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 新闻媒体对我们的生活产生影响,有人认为这是一种消极的发展。你在多大程度上同意或不同意?

  思路解析:

  1.负面影响:以新闻为主的生活方式会让人们筋疲力尽。举例,报纸和电视吸取了人们所有的关注,这让人们无法关注自己的事情,也缺乏时间来维持家庭关系。

  2.负面影响:负面新闻会引发社会不安。举例,很多谣言,关于社会传染病,或是很多逃犯的信息,会让人们生活在恐惧中。

  3.负面影响:媒体是洗脑工具。举例,处于政治目的,很多新闻媒体会对某些进行毫无根据的攻击和抹黑。这会误导投票人的判断和立场。

  4.正面影响:新闻媒体能提供有用的信息,建议和指导。举例,天气预报和交通堵塞的信息能帮助人们制定合适的出行计划和路线。

  参考范文:

  Nowadays, the expanding influence of news media on the society has been a heated social issue in debate. Some believe this trend is negative because the media controls minds of the public. Personally, I partially agree with this view, and my reasons will be explored as below.

  The most worrying aspect of new media is that it overwhelms people’s daily lives. Actually, our lives of today are news-oriented, because of the 24-hour nonstop news cycles on TV, radio and Internet. Under such news bombardment, the information overload takes place, which means people’s attentions and minds have to be glued to focusing on and interpreting endless news, comments, gossips and rumors, necessary and unnecessary, no matter where they are, in workplaces, schools, buses or homes. As a result, news media is a huge distraction, which makes people exhausted and reduces their concentration and energy on their tasks or families.

  Another big concern of news media is about its roles in manipulating people’s thoughts. Psychologically speaking, watching news media is a strong process of washing brain, in which the personal judgments of individual viewers might be removed and replaced with the  media-established ideas. For example, for the purpose of politics, many influential newspapers, TV programs and online websites disclose the foibles of privacy, and even deliberately fabricate false rumors, scandals to diminish some political candidates in an election. Obviously, the cheatings and lies on news media are detrimental to the social equity and democracy, because they keep voters from thinking freely and independently.

  However, the positive impact news media bring to our lives can never be ignored. In fact, the exposure to these news and reports can give the audience valuable messages and suggestions in day-to-day life. For example, the information about forecasts of weather and traffic situations in rush hours on regional newspapers or radio channels can instruct local residents to make proper schedules, plans and routers for travelling outside. In addition, reports about pressing social problems like epidemics, natural disasters, violence and crimes in streets also help to arouse the public’s awareness of the importance of improving education and health care systems, as well as the necessity of saving environment.

  In conclusion, the demerits caused by news media override its benefits for the public. Although it can provide useful and practical information to the audience, it influences people in more negative ways, including an unbalanced life due to addiction in news, as well as the misunderstanding about social issues.

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