雅思阅读长难句5大案例分析讲解

2017-10-10编辑: 环球教育整理来自: 互联网

  在雅思阅读考试中,有一些考生看到长句子就比较头疼,因为不会找主干也不知道如何定位,所以看不懂题目在说什么。今天整理了雅思阅读长难句的一些案例帮助大家来分析如何做题,详细内容如下。

  1.

  ● 题目:

  Thus, in this explanation the subject merges his unique personality and personal and moral code with that of larger institutional structures, surrendering individual properties like loyalty, self-sacrifice and discipline to the service of malevolent systems of authority.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  ● 分析:

  本句的主句为“the subject merges his unique personality and personal and moral code with that of larger institutional structures”;“surrendering individual properties like loyalty, self-sacrifice and discipline to the service of malevolent systems of authority.”为现在分词短语作状语,做主句的伴随状语。

  2.

  ● 题目:

  One form of pollution –the release of greenhouse gases that causes global warming –does appear to be a phenomenon that is going to extend well into our future, but its total impact is unlikely to pose a devastating problem.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  ● 分析:

  本句为并列句,“One form of pollution does appear to be a phenomenon”和“but its total impact is unlikely to pose a devastating problem”并列,由but连接;破折号中内容为解释说明部分,解释One form of pollution;“that is going to extend well into our future”为定语从句,做a phenomenon的定语,关系词为that。

“雅思阅读长难句技巧”

  3.

  ● 题目:

  Yet opinion polls suggest that many people nurture the belief that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  ● 分析:

  本句的主句为“opinion polls suggest that…”;其中“that many people nurture the belief that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality”为that引导的宾语从句,作suggest的宾语;“that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality.”为that引导的同位语从句,做the belief的同位语,并且在该同位语从句中,“environmental standards are declining”和“four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality”并列,由and连接。

  4.

  ● 题目:

  That would matter less if people applied the same degree of skepticism to environmental lobbying as they do to lobby groups in other fields.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  ● 分析:

  本句主句为“That would matter less”;“if people applied the same degree of skepticism to environmental lobbying”为if引导的条件状语从句;“as they do to lobby groups in other fields”为定语从句,做the same degree of skepticism的定语,关系词为as。

  5.

  ● 题目:

  Yet a green organization opposing such a weakening is seen as altruistic, even if an impartial view of the control in question might suggest they are doing more harm than good.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  ● 分析:

  本句的主句为“a green organization opposing such a weakening is seen as altruistic”;其中“opposing such a weakening”为现在分词短语作定语,作a green organization的定语;“even if an impartial view of the control in question might suggest they are doing more harm than good.”为even if引导的让步状语从句;而其中“they are doing more harm than good”为宾语从句,引导词that被省掉。

  雅思阅读长难句是最为折磨人的,有时候可能一句话好几行,甚至读完一遍都不知道说的是什么,所以希望今天给大家整理的5个案例能够帮助大家改变现状,后期我们也会继续整理并且发布关于雅思阅读长难句的内容,请大家继续关注环球教育雅思频道。

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