托福口语:6招让你摆脱无话可说

2017-08-29编辑: 环球教育整理来自: 互联网

  在托福口语考试的评分中,流利是高分的重要因素之一,托福口语答案中信息点之间的衔接是否自然流畅,直接影响到大家的托福口语表达效果。本文小编为大家介绍6个托福口语备考方法,保证你的托福口语流畅到底。

  1. 运用总分总的结构

  Your listeners will understand your talk better if you organize what you say in a logical sequence or linear pattern. This means that you tell the listeners what you are going to talk about and then go through the points you want to make. The most common pattern of organization is outlined below:

  Introductory statement

  Point 1

  Point 2

  Point 3

  Concluding statement

  An example of this pattern is shown below:

  Breeding butterflies has many advantages for the collector.

  1. way of obtaining specimens

  2. spares can be released into the wild

  3. helps survival because butterflies have been protected from natural predators

  The experience is a learning experience for the collector and a benefit to the species.

  2. 运用连接词

  Connecting ideas by using transition words and phrases tells your listeners the relationship of one idea to the next. You can signal to your listener that you are going to put events in a sequence, add information, or make a comparison. You can signal that you want to emphasize or clarify a point. Using transition words and phrases helps your listener follow the flow of your ideas. Read the following example without transitional expressions:

  In my physics class, we did lots of experiments that helped clarify scientific principles. I understood those principles better by doing those experiments.

  These sentences would flow better if the speaker used transitional expressions as in the following example:

  In my physics class, we did lots of experiments that helped clarify scientific principles. As a result, I understood those principles better.

  3. 解释或定义陌生概念

  In order to help your listeners understand, you may need to define a term that you use in your response. Read the following example:

  My hobby is telemark skiing.

  If the speaker does not define the term and listeners do not know what telemark skiing is, they might not understand the rest of the passage. Sometimes listeners can guess the meaning through the context of the passage, but sometimes they cannot. Here is the definition this speaker gave of telemark skiing:

  That means skiing using telemark skis.

  Even though the speaker defined telemark skiing, listeners still may not understand what it means because the speaker defined the term with the same word. To effectively define a word, use a three-part definition:

  1. State the word or phrase to be defined.

  2. Give the category that the word or phrase fits into.

  3. Tell how the word is different from other words that fit the same category.

  Read this example of an effective definition:

  Telemark is a type of alpine skiing in which the boots are connected to the skis only at the toes, so traditional skiing techniques have to be modified.

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