99%的托福考生在写作中都有这些失分点

2017-06-28编辑: Eileen来自: 互联网

  在托福写作备考中,要想提高自己的写作分数,大家首先要找到自己的失分点,对这些地方进行总结,并且针对这些经常出现的失分点进行集中突破,这样才能取得最好的效果,下面让我们一起来看看吧!

  1.结构不平行

  例子:I was able to raise my TOEFL score by studying hard and I read lots of books.

  将一系列的单词连接起来的时候,应当使用词性相同或同一类型的短语。

  2.段落过长,分段有误

  例子:She are a good friend of mine that I has known for a long time.

  主语和动词不一致。

  3.语气与文章不符

  例子:I was kind of mad at the guy who vociferated angry words at me. I have heard many wonderful things about such cosmopolitan cities as Paris, London, Tokyo, and Hong Kong and I would love to visit these cities to check them out.

  语气与文章其他部分不相符,可能是过于正式或者太不正式。

  4.不知所云

  例子:Many companies began using computers mouth.

  5.代词指代不明

  例子:If people do not speak the same language, it has a greater chance of miscommunication. I intend to complete my studies in the United States because they have good programs there.

  代词所指代的指示词(介词所代替的名词)不清楚。

  6.动词时态错误

  例子:Yesterday I will go to the store because tomorrow I needed some food.

  动词时态不正确,检查一下是应该用现在时、过去时、将来时或者是完成时等等。

  7.介词多余

  例子:I would like to discuss about something important that you mentioned about to me during yesterday. We went to downtown yesterday to buy a watch. When I first came to the US, I did not have a lot of friends in here. In class, my classmate never mentioned about her husband.

  在表示这种意思时此单词不能与介词连用。这种情况常见于downtown,home,there,here等词。这些词语在英语中是副词而非名词,因而不能在它们前面添加介词。

  8.跑题或内容不相关

  例子:There are many reasons to buy a car, preferably a nice car.这个与okay for children to fail sometimes.所表达的意思很普通,大多数人都已经知道了,因而就没有必要再说出来。

  9.标点问题

  例子:I love animals. And I like to help them. Because they are helpless. So I want to become a vet.

  许多学生在句子中使用了太多的句号,尤其是当他们用手写的时候。

  10.重复冗余

  例子:Personally, I believe what the newspaper prints.

  一种意思的表述不止一次,或者某个词语不必要。

  11.单数、复数

  例子:Many year ago, dinosaur roamed the Earths.

  单词需要从单数变为复数,或者由复数变成单数。单数可数名词不能单独使用,应该将其变为复数形式或者加上限定词(a, the, my, his, her, Gary’s, no, any, 1, 3, 50, most,等等)。

  12.不要使用缩写

  在正式的写作中不要使用缩写形式(can’t,don’t,it’s,we’ll,they’ve等等),而应当使用单词的完整形式(cannot,do not,it is,we will,they have等等)。

  13.关联词重复

  例子:Since I want to go to a good school, therefore I am trying to raise my test scores.

  不能在该句的主要主语和主要动词前使用连词。

  14.用词不当

  学生们写的作文里或多或少都会有一些用词不当的问题,但是要注意的是一些最最基本的错误是不能犯的。

  In the show, if participators answer twenty problems that the host mentioned correctly,

  they will get five hundreds thousand U.S. dollars as a prize.

  ——problems应改为questions

  15.拼写问题

  这里的拼写错误不是指在考试时候的误打,而是本身对词汇拼写记忆的错误。

  In conclusion, issue of whether parents are the best teachers is a complex one, requiring

  subjective judgement, consequently, there are no easy or certain answers.

  ——judgement应改为judgment

  寄语:

  希望各位正在备考托福的考生能够从这篇文章中得到帮助,俗话说失败为成功之母,想要在托福写作中取得理想的分数并非信手拈来,而是在不断的总结中一步步达到理想的成绩。

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