托福综合写作中的归纳和改写能力

2017-01-05编辑: Eileen来自: 互联网

  托福写作分为独立写作和综合写作。今天我们主要介绍托福综合写作。托福综合写作中“综合”两个字就给出这部分写作的要求提示。托福综合写作其实要求考生能够具备很好的归纳和改写能力。举个例子能说的清楚一些。

  托福综合写作归纳,就是考生能够把握托福综合写作阅读材料和听力材料中论证的重点,也即观点和论点。对于阅读材料,如何归纳呢?以TPO29托福综合写作阅读其中一段材料为例:First, the edmontosaur's diet supports the migration hypothesis. Edmontosaurs fed exclusively on plants. Since there would have been no plants growing during the cold and dark North Slope winter, it appears that the edmontosaur must have left for at least part of the year and migrated to more temperate zones to find food.

  概括内容为:Edmontosaurs fed exclusively on plants----- have to leave the cold and dark North Slope winter to more temperate zones to find food .

  对应的托福听力材料:First, the edmontosaur did not have to migrate to find food. One hundred million years ago the summer temperatures in the North Slope area were warmer than they are today. And remember in arctic regions like the North Slope the sun shines 24 hours a day at the peak of the summer, the warm temperatures and the extensive daylight created incredibly good growing conditions for plants, so much vegetation was produced during the summer that when the vegetation died as the winter came, there was a lot of nutritious dead vegetation around in the winter. The edmontosaur could have easily lived on the dead plant matter during in the winter.

  概括为:Edmontosaurs did not have to migrate to find food---the summer temperatures in the North Slope area were warmer than they are today,there was a lot of nutritious dead vegetation around in the winter.

  这里需要注意的是:由于听力材料只听一遍,在发挥托福综合写作概括能力之前,考生需要根据阅读材料的内容预测听力内容的重点并带着预测来听。

  托福综合写作改写,即考生可以将阅读和听力材料的论点及观点按照综合写作部分答题方式联系起来,写好材料分析性的内容。在对上述材料进行整合改写前,可以看出两个材料是矛盾的。所以采用模板:the reading materials points out that...But the speaker reputes that...改写为:First of all, the reading materials points out that it is difficult that edmontosaurus to find food in cold winter because of they were fed on plants exclusively. But the speaker reputes that warm weather in summer supplied perfect condition for plants to grow. So edmontosaurus might found lots of nutritious dead vegetation around in the winter, which made migration unnecessary.

  以上介绍的两种能力对于托福综合写作很重要,想要在托福综合写作部分高效答题,考生需要不断提升自己的处理材料能力,并准备好答题模板。

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